Early warning signs of ovarian cancer

Early warning signs of ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer ranks 7th among female cancers in the world. Ovarian cancer is seen in 2nd place after breast cancer, especially in developing countries and in women over the age of 40. Ovarian cancer, which can progress insidiously without any symptoms, can therefore be detected at a late stage. Since it can be diagnosed at an advanced stage, it is among the most deadly cancers. However, if women are alert to the early symptoms of ovarian cancer and consult an obstetrician and gynecologist immediately, the diagnosis can be made early.

Early warning signs of ovarian cancer

The earlier ovarian cancer is diagnosed, the more successful its treatment can be. Regular gynecological controls every year are of great importance in the early diagnosis of this cancer. Another important point to be considered for early diagnosis is to consult a physician immediately in case of symptoms of ovarian cancer.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer are often confused with gastrointestinal diseases such as gastritis, ulcers, indigestion, chronic constipation, and colitis. Since patients first apply to internal medicine outpatient clinics, there is a delay in diagnosis and treatment. For this reason, experts point out that 2 out of every 3 ovarian cancers can be diagnosed in the advanced period.

What are the early warning signs of ovarian cancer?

  • Menstrual irregularity
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • The feeling of fullness in the groin
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Gas problem
  • Constipation

If such symptoms are present, a gynecologist and obstetrician should be consulted. Gynecological examination, ultrasound follow-up, detailed history, and blood tests can help detect this type of cancer early.

What can increase the risk of ovarian cancer?

Although the cause of ovarian cancer has not yet been clearly identified, the following factors are said to increase the risk

  • Being in menopause or over the age of 50
  • Early menstruation
  • Late menopause
  • Not having given birth
  • Family history of ovarian or breast cancer
  • Carriage of BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations
  • Presence of chocolate cyst

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